Jasper Alberta Historical Timeline
Jasper Alberta's Historical Timeline
Jasper National Park
Canada's Largest National Park
You will find that Jasper National Park still looks much like it did when Canada's fur-trade-era explorer David Thompson, first saw it.
Jasper Alberta has seen many changes in the last two centuries from first visits by native people to 3 million + visitors a year today. Below is a brief history of Jasper National Park, Alberta.
1810 - David Thompson, surveyor, makes first recorded visit to Alberta's Athabasca Valley.
1813 - North West Company builds supply depot on Brule Lake, which becomes known as Jasper House after clerk Jasper Hawes.
1820 - Iroquois trader, Pierre Bostonnais, guides Hudson's Bay Company through northern Rockies. His light-coloured hair results in nickname "Tete Jaune" or "Yellowhead."
1845 - Father P.J. deSmet, Jesuit missionary, records the name "La riviere maligne," or "wicked river", now known as Jasper's Maligne River.
1859 - The Earl of Southesk, first recorded "tourist", visits what is now Jasper National Park.
1862 - The Overlanders, 115 adventurers suffer many hardships on their journey through Yellowhead Pass to seek fortunes in the B.C. goldfields.
1884 - Jasper House is abandoned as fur trade declines.
1897 - A.E. Snyder, of the North West Mounted Police, makes first patrol from Edmonton, Alberta
1898 - Columbia Icefield discovered.
1907 - Dominion Government establishes Jasper Forest Park, setting aside an area of 13,000 km.
1908 - Mary Schaffer, widow from Pennsylvania, follows Stoney Indian trails to discover Jasper's Maligne Lake.
1910 - Payments made to settlers forced to leave Alberta's Athabasca Valley due to formation of Park; with the exception of Lewis Swift.
1911 - Grand Trunk Pacific Railway reaches Fitzhugh (now Jasper, Alberta) Station.
1911 - Interprovincial Boundary Survey started by A.O. Wheeler, takes 14 years to complete. This process named many geographical places in Jasper, Alberta.
1913 - Present Jasper Information Centre is built as Jasper Park Superintendent's residence.
1914 - First school opens in Jasper Alberta.
1915 - Tent City built at Lac Beauvert during railway construction, eventually becomes Jasper Park Lodge.
1916 - Jasper Park's Mount Edith Cavell is named to honour heroic British nurse executed during WWI for assisting prisoners of war to escape German-occupied Belgium.
1925 - First Ascent of Mount Alberta by Japanese Mountaineers
1928 - The Jasper-Edmonton road opens.
1930 - Jasper officially established as a National Park in Alberta.